The Occupational Safety and Health Act, 1994 (OSHA) is an Act which provides the legislative framework to :
- Secure the safety, health and welfare among all workforces; and
- Protect others against risks to safety or health in connection with the activities of persons at work.
The aims of this Act are (Section 4, OSHA) :
- To secure the safety, health and welfare of persons at work against risks to safety or health arising out of the activities of persons at work;
- To protect person at a place of work other than persons at work against risks to safety or health arising out of the activities of persons at work;
- To promote an occupational environment for persons at work which is adapted to their physiological and psychological needs;
- To provide the means whereby the associated occupational safety and health legislation may be progressively replaced by a system of regulations and approved industry codes of practice operating in combination with the provisions of this Act designed to maintain or improve the standards of safety and health.
Through a self-regulating scheme that is designed to suit the particular industry or organisation, OSHA also aims to establish effective safety and health organisation and performance.
The concept of self-regulation encourages cooperation, consultation and participation of employees and management in efforts to upgrade the standards of safety and health at the workplace.
OSHA is enforced by the Department of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH), a government department under the Ministry of Human Resources Malaysia. It will :
- Ensure through enforcement and promotional works that employers, self-employed persons, manufacturers, designers, importers, suppliers and employees always practice safe and health work culture, and always comply with existing legislation, guidelines and codes of practice;
- Formulate and review legislation, policies, guidelines and codes of practice pertaining to occupational safety, health and welfare as a basis in ensuring safety and health at work;
- Serve as the secretariat to National Council for Occupational Safety and Health, a council established under section 8 of OSHA.
The National Council for Occupational Safety and Health shall have power to do all things expedient or reasonably necessary for or incidental to the carrying out of the objects of this Act.