Generally, industry area defines as aplanned industrial or technologically-based district of a city; usually intended for light manufacturing, industrial usage, research, or for warehousing. Industrial area are usually located outside the main residential area of a city and normally provided with good transportation access, including road and rail. They are usually located close to transport facilities, especially where more than one transport modes coincide: highways, railroads, airports, and ports.
This idea of setting land aside through this type of zoning is based on several concepts:
- To be able to concentrate dedicated infrastructure in a delimited area to reduce the per-business expense of that infrastructure. Such infrastructure includes roadways, railroad sidings, ports, high-power electric supplies, high-end communications cables, large-volume water supplies, and high-volume gas lines.
- To be able to attract new business by providing an integrated infrastructure in one location.
- Eligibility of Industrial Parks for benefits
- To set aside industrial uses from urban areas to try to reduce the environmental and social impact of the industrial uses.
- To provide for localized environmental controls that is specific to the needs of an industrial area.